India is awash in private equity - cont.
And American firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts hopes to score big with its $900 million takeover in September of Flextronics Software Development, a division of California's Flextronics International (Charts), whose operations are mostly in India.
Private-equity firms have been snaring top talent as well. Vivek Paul left his role as vice chairman of IT services giant Wipro (Charts) in 2005 to join Texas Pacific Group. That same year a former top Merrill Lynch (Charts) executive in India, Rajeev Gupta, was poached by the Carlyle Group to run its India buyouts practice, and Blackstone plucked a top advisor, Akhil Gupta, from Reliance Industries (Charts).
Blackstone is reportedly partnering with Texas Pacific and Reliance Communications in an $18 billion bid to buy Hutchison Essar, one of India's largest mobile-phone companies, which is majority owned by Hutchison Whampoa of Hong Kong.
Foreign funds have also made money on the Bombay Stock Exchange, where the Sensitive index has climbed from 3,000 to more than 13,000 in less than four years.
Manish Kejriwal, who runs India Temasek Holdings Advisors, says his firm has made as much money buying undervalued stocks from the public markets as it has from some of its large private-equity bets in India. "It's difficult for private-equity firms to have done badly in this market," says Abhay Havaldar, managing director of General Atlantic in India, another big private-equity player.
But the easy money may have already been made, and the environment for private-equity firms is likely to get tougher. "Many firms that are potential investments for private-equity funds are going to the public markets, which offer higher valuations," says Balaji Rao, managing director of Starwood Capital Group, a Connecticut fund that recently set up shop in India.
Neeraj Bhargava, CEO of Warburg Pincus - funded WNS Group, one of India's top companies for outsourcing business processes, agrees. He says some of the new wave of funds coming into India may not have long-term, growth-building horizons and instead may be after quick money.
Investment periods could get shorter as funds look to flip investments rather than build up companies - and that could risk tarnishing the halo currently around private equity. But right now, with India's economy on a roll and growth projections being steadily revised upward, there seems to be plenty of hay to be made.