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Looking back on women and power
In honor of our 10th edition of the Most Powerful Women list, here are highlights of Fortune's coverage from 1985 to today.
Are women workers different? From 1985: Men and women would have similar careers but for sexism, says a scholarly study. It just might be all wet. (more)
From 1986: Good looks seem to boost a male's career but may hinder a woman's. Plastic surgery, anyone? (more)
From 1987: Many are as determined as men to reach the top, and corporations would be wise to help them get there. (more)
From 1988: They have learned to pattern their lives on those of careerist men and fix an unblinking eye on the prize. But they succeed by being themselves -- not guys in dresses. (more)
From 1989: Faced with a labor shortage, Japanese companies are looking to make managers of young college graduates once condemned to be mere 'office ladies.' (more)
From 1989: Yes, she's typically younger than the first. Often she has a career of her own. But her primary job is remaking his life. Sometimes the change he undergoes even results in his becoming a more considerate manager. (more)
From 1990: Much of what was supposed to change hasn't. Some women leave their jobs because the sacrifices seem too great. But discrimination -- however subtle -- plays a part. (more)
From 1990: Men are confused about their roles in two-career marriages. Intellectually they accept their wives as breadwinners, but emotionally they wonder if Dad didn't have an easier time. (more)
From 1990: Yes, says a new wave of thinking -- and they're far better suited than men to run companies in the Nineties. But purveyors of the theory aren't doing women any favors. (more)
From 1991: These powerful Asian businesswomen break down barriers with charm rather than militancy. Many were born to wealth, but don't underestimate their ambition. (more)
From 1992: A thoughtful analyst offers straight talk on the controversial topic of how companies should treat female employees. (more)
From 1992: Not for a long time yet, according to a new FORTUNE CEO poll. But a few pioneers are already there, and a growing crowd of others are doing all the right stuff. (more)
From 1992: Yes, women still face discrimination. But this woman writer argues that the way to overcome it is to stop acting like victims and start outdoing men at their own game. (more)
From 1993: Nobody knows better than Mary Kay Ash how to motivate a sales force. She masters the true power of employee recognition. (more)
From 1995: It is a time of reckoning for the first big generation of women to hit the age of 40 in a business suit. But for many career women, even talking about it carries a whiff of betrayal. (more)
From 1996: We'll get right to the point. This is a politically incorrect story about seven remarkable women -- each better than all the men (and women) in their chosen fields. (more)
From 1998: Lorna Wendt's $20 million divorce case is the shot heard 'round the water cooler. (more)
From 1998: Fortune revisits Harvard's women MBAs of 1973. We first talked to them 20 years ago, when they were cocky rookies in business. Now they're older and wiser, and here's their advice: You can do anything, but you can't do everything. So choose carefully. (more)
From 1999: The women of the baby boom are nearing their prime heart attack years. Neither they nor their doctors are paying enough attention. (more)
From 2000: Forget those images of U.S. factories as male-dominated and meet some unsung women behind a lot of the surging productivity. (more)
From 2000: After years of toiling in the vineyards, women are rising to the top of California's luxury wine business. (more)
From 2005: Forty years after sex discrimination became illegal, a huge gap in pay and promotions still yawns. Now angry women are suing their employers--and winning. How afraid should you be? (more)
From 2006: When it comes to building their businesses, women lag far behind men--but that's changing fast. (more)
From 2006: How an entrepreneurial bank in Mumbai built its business by hiring smart women managers and creating a female-friendly environment. (more)
From 2007: In May, 32 top corporate America female executives - all participants of the Fortune Summit - spent three weeks mentoring rising stars from 20 developing countries. (more)
From 2007: After beating criminal charges in Hewlett-Packard's pretexting scandal and waging her fourth battle with cancer, the former HP chairman talks to Fortune's Pattie Sellers. (more)
From 2007: A new college grad wonders if she'll have a tough time getting promoted in the IT field. What do female techies think? Fortune's Anne Fisher explains. (more)